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Thursday, December 10, 2020, 13:58 (GMT+7)
Promoting renewal of mechanism and policies for military science development

Military science and technology are part of the national science and technology, an important aspect closely related to building the Military “revolutionary, regular, elite, gradually modern”, especially in the context of the Fourth Industrial Revolution today. Therefore, it is necessary to have mechanisms and policies in line with the State's scientific development mechanisms and policies and the specifics of defence tasks to contribute to promoting the development of military science.

Along with education and training, science and technology are the leading national policy, the driving force for socio-economic development, strengthening the country's potentials and strength, the necessary conditions to maintain national independence, building and defending the Fatherland. With that perception, in recent years, the National Assembly and the Government have issued many documents, creating a legal corridor, with appropriate mechanisms and policies to promote the development of science and technology. Sticking to the assigned functions and tasks, the Department of Military Science have chaired and coordinated with relevant agencies and units to consult the Central Military Commission, the Ministry of National Defence on the formulation and promulgation of circulars regarding regulations on military science and technology work; consult on the ordering, selection, pre-acceptance test, management, registration, and record keeping of military science and technology missions. At the same time, it has focused on leading and directing the renewal of the military scientific management and operation mechanism; closely linked research with the application of research results to military and defence operations, especially in the defence industry field, bringing about many breakthrough military science and technology products.

In order to promote the development of military science for the creation of many valuable products of regional and international level, and meet the requirements of the task of building the Army, firmly protecting the Fatherland in the new situation, it is required that we synchronously implement a number of solutions, in which reforming mechanisms and policies is a focus, ensuring all activities in this field are consistent with the State's regulations, the development of society, in accordance with the characteristics of military and defence tasks.

To realize that goal, first of all, the Military Science Department coordinates with functional agencies to research and advise the Central Military Commission and the Ministry of National Defence in formulating and perfecting the Strategy for Science and Technology Development in the military and defence field in the period of 2021 – 2030, and the main directions, objectives and tasks for the period of 2021 - 2025 according to the Conclusion No. 62-KL/QUTW, dated January 18, 2019 of the Central Military Commission. On that basis, to step up the implementation of the autonomy mechanism for science and technology institutions in the Army, in order to increase their autonomy and operational efficiency; gradually reduce the State expenditure for the regular managerial cost of state apparatus, increase direct fund for the assigned scientific and technological tasks. On the basis of pilot conversion of a number of research institutes to science and technology enterprise models under the General Department of Defence Industry, the Department continues to advise the Central Military Commission and the Ministry of National Defence to direct the review, study, adjustment and timely supplement mechanisms and policies, enabling science and technology institutions capable of researching and manufacturing dual-use products to change to autonomous operating models; creating conditions for Army enterprises to purchase technologies from domestic and foreign research centres; removing difficulties in the application and transfer of research products into defence production under the Decree No. 54/2016/NĐ-CP, dated June 14, 2016 of the Government.

In order to make a breakthrough in military science development, increase the autonomy of science and technology institutions under the Ministry of National Defence, the Department continues to propose building a specific mechanism in implementing scientific and technological programs and projects which research and develop modern and large-scale weapons and technical equipment. Promote the implementation of dual-use strategies and programs in the defence industry, especially in potential industries, such as cyberspace and aerospace. Continue to study and propose to promote the mechanism of ordering, selecting, bidding for the performance of military science and technology tasks with the mechanism of fund contracting to the end products; shorten research time, accelerate the application of research results into production and business in practice to meet the needs of developing the armed forces and enhancing defence capabilities of the country. The Department accelerates the compilation and promulgation of the regulations on funding and put the Science and Technology Development Fund in the Ministry of National Defence into operation under Circular No. 122/2015/TT-BQP, dated December 15, 2015 of the Ministry of National Defence, creating more resources to promote the research process and overcome the slow funding for science and technology tasks.

In addition, the Department focuses on researching, building and perfecting mechanisms and policies to develop military science and technology potentials. With the attention of the Party and State, in recent years, the investment budget for research, design, manufacture, improvement and mastery of new weapons and technical equipment has been strengthened; Policies and regimes for the contingent of people engaging in military science and technology have also been significantly improved. Though the scientific and technical human resources in our country have increased in quantity, their quality is still limited; there is still a lack of good engineers, leading experts and no chief engineer in the field of high-tech weapons; the remunerating policy for scientific staff is inadequate, dispersed and lacks special treatment for the elite who are highly qualified staff, etc. To overcome this problem, the Department continues to coordinate with functional agencies to advise the Ministry of National Defence in implementing programs and projects on training and retraining high quality human resources for the Army; focus on improving the quality of training for good experts and scientific staff in the countries with advanced military science and technology; step up the training according to orders suitable to the needs of research, design and manufacture of weapons and technical equipment in the Army; send more officers to internships at hardware facilities in advanced countries to learn and improve knowledge and experience. At the same time, the Department continues to amend, supplement and complete the mechanisms and policies to attract top experts in key science and technology sectors, especially high technology industries; adjust, supplement and complete mechanisms and policies to attract overseas Vietnamese and foreign experts to participate in scientific and technological activities in Vietnam according to the Decree No. 87/2014/NĐ-CP, dated September 22, 2014 of the Government and Directive No. 85/CT-BQP, dated June 22, 2015 of the Minister of National Defence. At the same time, to speed up the construction of cooperative administrative mechanisms, policies and procedures among military agencies and units; mechanisms and policies on cooperation between the Ministry of National Defence and civil ministries, departments, universities, research institutes and international cooperation mechanisms to create a new change in attracting overseas Vietnamese specialists and scientists and foreign experts participating in scientific and technological activities in the military field in Vietnam.

The Department continues to advise and propose to develop an independent assessment, consultation, criticism and social assessment mechanism for military science and technology activities; elaborate directives and instructions of the Ministry of National Defence on the management and use of properties formed through the performance of scientific and technological tasks funded by the state budget. Regularly inspect and supervise the implementation of mechanisms and policies by organisations and individuals in the entire army; periodically review and draw experiences in the process of implementing mechanisms and policies, promptly detect and handle emerging problems, improve the efficiency of implementation of mechanisms and policies, and foster scientific and military activities to meet the requirements of the Army building and Fatherland protection missions in the new situation.

Major General, Assoc Prof, PhD. NGO VAN GIAO, Director of the Military Science Department and Senior Colonel, Master PHAM VAN KHAC, Deputy Head of Military Science Potential Division, Military Science Department

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