Thursday, September 24, 2020, 06:37 (GMT+7)

Tuesday, September 01, 2020, 07:30 (GMT+7)
Enhancing the education and training development strategy for the sake of Military build-up and national defence in the new situation

Recently, military units, academies and schools have organised conferences to review the implementation of the Strategy for education and training development within the Military in the period of 2011-2020 and drawn a lot of valuable lessons as the basis for continuing more comprehensively renewing and improving the work of education and training to meet the requirements set by the Military build-up and the Homeland protection in the new situation.

In response to the requirements set by the Military build-up and the Homeland defence, on July 15th, 2013 the Ministry of National Defence (MND) issued the Decision 2523/QĐ-BQP on approving the “Strategy for education and training development within the Military in the period of 2011-2020” (hereafter the Strategy). Since the issuance of the Strategy, with the proactiveness and responsibility, the entire Military and especially its academies and schools (military schools for short) have grasped and seriously executed it via synchronous, effective measures and obtained positive results.

Leaders of the MND congratulating ministerial-level excellent instructors

Comprehending the viewpoints, goals and measures set by the Strategy, military units and schools have developed special resolutions and action programmes/plans together with specific road maps and practical solutions in accordance with their function, task, speciality and educational field. At the same time, they have established Steering Boards on the Strategy, promoting the synergy of organisations and forces in the implementation process, and closely combined the execution of the Strategy with the implementation of the 11th Party Central Committee’s Resolution 29-NQ/TW on “a basic, comprehensive reform in education and training to meet the requirements set by industrialisation, modernisation, socialist-oriented market economy, and international integration” and the Resolution 765-NQ/QUTW by Central Military Commission (CMC) on raising the training quality in the period of 2013-2020 and beyond. After nearly 10 years, in spite of difficulties, the whole Military has strived to basically fulfil the goals and tasks set by the Strategy. Notably, all-level party committees, commands, cadres, instructors, cadets and soldiers’ awareness and responsibility towards the work of education and training have been raised. The system of military schools has been built and consolidated in a standard, modern manner. Scales and models of training have been adjusted to be relevant to the Military’s function and organisational structure, the requirements set by education and training developments, and the national and international education systems. Military university entrance exams have been closely, seriously organised. Great value has been attached to developing a contingent of instructors and educational managers comprehensively, with the proper structure and standardised quality under the regulations. Training procedures, programmes and contents have been adjusted, supplemented, increasingly standardised and modernised. Military schools have closely cooperated with units in combining theory with practice, while overcoming overlaps between subjects and educational levels and ensuring a bridge between training programmes in accordance with the national and international education systems. Military schools have also actively renewed teaching method, applied information technology and used modern equipment in education and training, combined modern teaching method with the old-style one, and aligned education and training with scientific research. Amidst the developments of military international integration and cooperation, military schools have actively executed the Directive 89/CT-BQP, dated November 9th, 2016 by the Minister of National Defence and managed to make a huge, important change in foreign language teaching and learning across the Military. The work of inspection, re-examination, and quality control and assurance has been stringently carried out and it has contributed to building a good teaching and learning environment, correctly assessing the training results, and combating the “merit-driven” disease in education and training. With the resolve and effective measures, education and training within the entire Military have achieved solid, comprehensive achievements and succeeded in building high-quality human resources to meet the requirements set by the building of a revolutionary, standard, elite, gradually modern Army.

However, in addition to those good results, there have been weaknesses in executing the Strategy. Measures set by some units and schools for the Strategy have not been relevant to reality. Some of the contents and measures have yet to meet the requirements set by education and training reform, the military-defence task, and the building of the Military in the new situation. Therefore, party committees and commands of units and schools across the Military should seriously draw lessons and adopt remedial measures.

At present, the country’s education and training development, the Military build-up, the Homeland protection, Vietnam’s integration into the world, and the 4th industrial revolution are imposing very high requirements on the work of education and training within the Military. Against that backdrop, the whole Military and particularly its units and schools should continue taking measures synchronously, drastically for stepping up the Strategy so as to make a more solid, comprehensive change and ensure that this work will be really a “national policy” and satisfy the development of the Military and the Homeland defence in the new situation. To do so, significance should be attached to well implementing the central measures as follows.

First, enhance all-level party committees and commands’ leadership and direction over the work of education and training. This measure plays a decisive role in education and training development and reform within the Military. Military offices, units and schools, especially their party committees and commands should continue thoroughly grasping resolutions, conclusions, and directives by the Party, the CMC and the MND on education and training. While being fully aware of the importance of developing education and training within the Military, they should heighten their role and responsibility and strengthen their leadership and direction over this important work. Grounded on their reviews of the Strategy in the period of 2011-2020, military units and schools should keep adopting measures for realising our Party and State’s guidelines and the goals of education and training development and reform set by the CMC and the MND in accordance with their assigned task. In this regard, great value should be attached to well implementing plans, programmes and projects relating to military schools, especially the Action Plan for the Resolution 29-NQ/TW and the Action Plan of the System of Military Schools. Competent offices of the MND, particularly the Department of Schools should proactively cooperate with units and schools in giving sound advice to the CMC and the MND on leadership and direction over developing, standardising, modernising and making military education and training capable of approaching the 4th industrial revolution and meeting the requirements set by the Military build-up and the Homeland protection in the new situation. In the medium term, emphasis should be placed on designing and submitting “the Strategy for education and training within the Military in the period of 2020-2030, with a vision towards 2045” to the MND for approval.

Second, build a compact and strong system of military schools. The whole Military should continue reviewing and adjusting schools’ organisational structure and task and making them compact, strong, modern, standard and relevant to the Military’s organisational structure and the country’s education and training development. More importantly, there should be breakthroughs in building standard, exemplary schools. Competent offices should advise higher echelons on developing a number of academies and schools into key education centres under the plan. At the same time, they should give instructions to and inspect school’s execution of the Conclusion 16-KL/TW by the Politburo, change several schools’ function and task, and identify function and task of offices, faculties and units within military schools in line with their scale of training. Based on their assigned task, military schools should actively mobilise resources and take measures for building smart schools capable of approaching the 4th industrial revolution, proactively make investments in their facilities and training equipment to satisfy the requirements set by the project on building smart schools and the education and training task in the new situation.

Third, continue reviewing and renewing the training procedures, programmes, and contents as well as the teaching and learning method, building high-calibre human resources for the Military build-up in the new situation. Bringing into play the recorded results, military schools should keep reviewing, adjusting, perfecting, standardising and modernising their training procedures, programmes and contents, maintaining a bridge between educational levels, and advocating jobs-based training in line with the national education system. To that end, priority should be given to updating training programmes and contents on new military-defence issues, military technology and art progress, the development of new-generation weapons and equipment, and units’ training and combat readiness under the Directive 89/CT-BQP, dated April 4th, 2018 by the MND on “further reviewing units’ training, combat readiness, and combat in line with military schools’ education and training to meet the task requirements in the new situation.” Additionally, it is necessary to formulate several pilot programmes to train and cultivate military talents and continue executing the Directive 89/CT-BQP, dated November 9th, 2016 by the MND to achieve a breakthrough in foreign language teaching and learning within the system of military schools, the Directive 105/CT-BQP, dated May 26th, 2020 by the Minister of National Defence on enhancing the learning of foreign and ethnic languages within the Military, and the Action Plan 1884/KH- BQP, dated May 27th, 2020 for the National Programme on foreign language training for cadres and public servants in the period of 2019-2030 within the Military. Units and schools should keep renewing teaching method, employ learners-based method to promote learners’ proactiveness and creativity, and further apply information technology and simulation techniques to teaching. Due attention should be paid to the work of investigation, inspection, re-examination, and quality control in education and training, closely organising examinations, correctly assessing learners’ results, enhancing the compilation of textbooks and documents, undertaking more scientific researches, and closely combining basic, applied, and scientific researches with education and training.

Fourth, build, develop and standardise a contingent of instructors and educational managers. Military schools should grasp and strictly execute the Decision 89/QĐ-TTg, dated January 18th, 2019 by the Prime Minister on approving the Project to “enhance the capability of lecturers and educational managers at universities to meet the requirements set by a basic, comprehensive reform in education and training in the period of 2019-2030” and the Resolution 109-NQ/QUTW, dated February 11th, 2019 by the CMC on building a pool of military cadres, particularly at the strategic, campaign levels to satisfy the task requirements in the new situation in order to work towards strategic, long-term general solutions. Grounded on those documents, they should keep consolidating and developing their contingent of instructors and educational managers both quantitatively and qualitatively, with priority given to building a pool of top experts and excellent instructors at all levels. Due regard should be paid to effectively implementing the MND’s Directive 102/CT-BQP, dated September 5th, 2018 on dispatching commanders and cadres of offices and units to take part in teaching and reporting their hands-on experiences at the National Defence Academy and multiplying this model at other academies and officer schools so as to align training at schools with practice at offices and units. Military schools should combine solutions on ideology, organisation and policy with the training of foreign languages, information technology, teaching competence, educational management, and hands-on experience under the Education Law and the CMC’s guidelines, while proposing proper policies to attract and encourage instructors and educational managers to keep their mind on their work.

Fifth, actively mobilise resources to achieve a breakthrough in facilities and equipment for education, training and scientific research. This measure plays an important role in the outcome of military education and training reform in the upcoming time especially when the 4th industrial revolution and military technology develops robustly. To do so, the MND will continue mobilising resources to modernise facilities and training grounds and provide new-generation weapons and equipment for schools to meet the requirements set by education, training and scientific research under the model of “smart school capable of approaching the 4th industrial revolution.” Military schools should closely manage and effectively use their existing facilities and equipment and speed up the progress of the approved projects/plans, particularly the Project on “further applying information technology to management, teaching, learning and scientific research to raise the quality of education and training in the period of 2016-2020, with orientation towards 2025” approved by the Prime Minister so as to step by step standardise and modernise teaching and learning equipment and devices as the basis for improving the quality of education and training.

A part from the above-mentioned solutions, military offices, units and schools should enhance the work of scientific research, closely combine education and training with scientific research, and develop several schools into research centres. Moreover, they should foster international cooperation in training and proactively integrate into the world education system to boost the development of military education and training in both long and short terms.

Sr. Lt. Gen. PHAN VAN GIANG, Member of the Party Central Committee

Member of the CMC, Chief of the General Staff of the Vietnam People’s Army, Deputy Minister of National Defence

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