Thursday, November 23, 2017, 16:33 (GMT+7)

Sunday, October 22, 2017, 10:30 (GMT+7)
Improving Party’s leadership and efficiency of state management for defence potential building in Central Highlands

The two resistance wars against the French and the US and the country’s 30-year reform proved that the Party’s leadership and the State’s management serve as the determinant of all our victories. Thus, in order to build strong defence potential in the area of Central Highlands, it is necessary to strengthen the leadership of local party executive committees and improve the efficiency of local authorities’ management.

Lt. Gen. Tran Quang Phuong addressing the workshop on building defence potential in Central Highlands (photo: baoquankhu5.vn)

Defence potential of Central Highlands includes the capabilities to mobilize all resources (political and spiritual, economic, military, scientific and technological ones, etc.) of the defensive zones and national inter-defensive zones to defend its area in any situation. Central Highlands possesses a position of strategic importance in various fields to the whole country, especially to national defence. The building of defence potential in Central Highlands has fundamental advantages, namely its large natural area (accounting for 16.5% of the whole country’s), its fertile land suitable to various industrial plants of economic value, its rich natural resources and potential for tourism to facilitate its socioeconomic and cultural development as well as defence and security. However, Central Highlands is now faced with difficulties and challenges, such as a large number of ethics living in the area, people’s low standards of living, complicated developments of the security situation. It should be noted that hostile forces are making the most of its difficulties to step up their acts of sabotage and propaganda with the aim of distorting the Party’s guideline and the State’s policy and inciting our ethnic compatriots to cause flashpoints and destabilize politics and society, thereby badly impacting on the building of defence potential in the area. Against this backdrop, it is urgently necessary to closely combine the development of Central Highlands with the firm protection of this area, focusing on building its defence potential.

The building of defence potential in general and in the strategic area of Central Highlands in particular is the responsibility of all ministries, sectors and forces from Central level to grass-roots level, especially of local party committees and governments. Successful fulfiment of this task constitutes the finest material and spiritual preparation so as to mobilize all potential resources, opportunely deal with all situations concerning defence and security in the area, and safeguard the Homeland. To build strong defence potential in Central Highlands in the new situation, it is necessary to focus on the following points.

1. The leadership of party committees at levels over the task of building defence potential shall be strengthened

Since the Party’s leadership plays a decisive role in all victories of the Vietnamese revolution, as evidenced by realities, the building of defence potential must be placed under the Party’s leadership, first and foremost local party committees’ at all levels. This is a matter of principle and a requirement set by the process of building defence potential to ensure that defence potential of Central Highlands shall be ceaselessly improved and capable enough to effectively deal with any defence situation. Over the past years, the leadership of party committees at levels has been exercised by resolutions and directives on building defence potential in the area of Central Highlands, thereby making positive transformations to this important task. However, there have existed limitations and weaknesses in this task. A number of party members and cadres, including key cadres and party executive committee members, have yet to fully understand the importance of the task of strengthening defence potential, even considering it as the task for which the military is responsible, while defence potential includes political and spiritual, economic, cultural, scientific and technological strength, etc., which are possibly mobilized to maintain peace, stability and development. That has led to a dearth of full awareness and high responsibility towards leadership, implementation and inspection. Several cadres and party members even have the signs of indiscretion. Coordination between local committees, sectors and organizations in the staff work and the implementation process has yet to be close and effective.

Thus, it is important in both short term and long term to actively introduce the Party’s position and guideline on building defence potential to cadres and party members. Propagation and education shall be stepped up to raise compatriots’ awareness of the sustainable development of defence potential in the area of Central Highlands. To develop the Central Highlands sustainably, it is necessary to tap the aggregate potential made by economic, political, cultural, scientific, technological, military, diplomatic resources, etc. in combination with protection of environment. During the course of implementation, local party committees and authorities should promote the strength of the national unity block and the entire political system, with the armed forces as the core, as well as the on-the-spot resources and domestic and foreign ones.

To successfully perform the task of building defence potential in Central Highlands, it is imperative to maintain and strengthen the Party’s absolute, direct leadership and the State’s focalized, uniform management over the Military and Public Security forces stationed in the area and over the cause of national protection. Accordingly, party committees from provincial level to grass-roots level should achieve a consensus that building potential defence in Central Highlands must be placed in the domestic (inter-regional) and regional development relationship (Vietnam-Laos-Cambodia and Mekong Subregion). There should be a close combination of economy, culture, society and defence, security and diplomacy, opportune detection and a firm grasp of the issues in the area to strengthen defence and security. The main points of building defence potential must be concretized into specialized leadership resolutions for authorities at levels, social organizations and the whole people to implement. And those resolutions must act as an incentive for socio-economic development, strengthened defence and security as well as sociopolitical stability.

Party organization, cadres and party members should promote their role in leading, directing and executing the specialized resolution on building defence potential, while flexibly applying the Party’s guideline to localities’ conditions to develop economy, maintain political stability and social order, and improve people’s material and spiritual life. Due attention should be paid to improving cadres and party members’ awareness and competence in the military and defence work, with a focus on political will, knowledge, combativeness of each party organization, cadre and party member, first and foremost key cadres at all levels. Moreover, it is necessary to step up the Party building and rectification, prevent and repel degradation in political ideology, morality, lifestyle as well as the signs of “self-evolution” and “self-transformation” from within mentioned in the Resolution of the Party Central Committee’s 4th Plenum (12th tenure).

2.  The efficiency of state management at levels and the building of defence potential shall be strengthened to meet the requirements set by tasks in the new situation

This is of utmost importance to the improved efficiency of focalized, uniform state management from Central level to grass-roots level, particularly in communes, wards and townships where all the issues of social life of Central Highlands people will be directly dealt with. To this end, on perceiving the local characteristics and situation, authorities at levels shall formulate action plans to translate the Party’s guideline into practice, foster socioeconomic development and strengthen defence and security. The efficiency of management and operation of authorities at levels is determined by the performance of projects, the quality of security and political environment, and the capacity to meet the people’s basic demands. During the course of implementation, authorities at levels should keep a close watch on the area, opportunely making adjustments and supplementation in accordance with the situation and general social developments to achieve the efficiency in the implementation of the Party and State’s guideline and policy and to bring the top benefits to the people, thereby contributing to the building of defence potential in Central Highlands. Moreover, it is necessary to guarantee legislation in the process of building and developing sectors and fields in the area of Central Highlands. The State has promulgated the system of legal normative documents specifically regulating the building of defence potential. Hence, to enhance the efficiency of the State’s focalized, uniform management, governments at all levels should have law realized into life of Central Highlands ethnic people.

At the present time, due to the characteristics of the area and the requirements of the improved efficiency of state management in all aspects and fields, local authorities and forces, particularly armed forces units stationed in the area of Central Highlands should successfully carry out the ethnic and religious work. Agencies, committees, sectors and forces should actively counsel authorities at levels to supplement and opportunely release legal normative documents guiding and helping ethnic minorities and religions operate in accordance with law, while proactively comprehending the activities, especially illegal mission to take preventive measures and effective settlement. Authorities at levels should step up inspection of the implementation of ethnic and religious policy at their level, opportunely detecting and deal with violations of law. Localities should work out plans to deploy cadres of committees, sectors and organizations to keep a close eye on the area and opportunely, completely handle thorny, urgent issues related to ethnic minorities and religions, such as FULRO, Degar Protestantism, Kinh-Highlander dispute, land dispute and border security, and to facilitate the people’s practice of belief. Local authorities in Central Highlands should proactively prevent and strictly deal with all the exploitation of belief and religion to violate law and destabilize social order, while continuing to carry out inspection and propose regulations for preventing illegal mission, land assignment and construction of worship houses. Local party committees and authorities should continue to execute the Decision 58-KL/TW, dated November 3rd 2009, by the Secretariat of the Communist Party of Vietnam, and the Prime Minister’s Directive 01/2005/CT-TTg, dated February 4th 2005, on several jobs concerning Protestantism. Local authorities of Central Highlands should closely manage immigration of the people, particularly suspects, opportunely detecting and preventing force gathering and penetration in the border between Vietnam and Cambodia. Besides, there is a need for close management of household registration, weapons, flammable and explosive chemicals as well as operations of provisional contingents, non-governmental organizations  and large-scale economic projects to opportunely detect and neutralize hostile forces’ acts of sabotage.

Currently, there is a fact that local cadres and public servants in the area of Central Highlands are not competent enough to meet the requirements of the tasks. Therefore, the issue of training and retraining local cadres and public servants is pressing. The building of defence potential in Central Highlands demands cadres and public servants be absolutely loyal to the Party, State and people, enthusiastic and responsible, have a good command of principles of socioeconomic management, culture, ethnic minority languages as well as competent in leadership, management and operation. To this end, authorities at levels should comprehensively assess their cadres, particularly ethnic minority ones, to make plans for training and building both “red” and “expert” cadres for Central Highlands. Cadre training must be in line with the improved quality of party organizations and authorities as well as the successful implementation of local political task and defence potential building in the area. Given the situation and demands for building defence potential in Central Highlands, it is necessary to draw up plans and measures for training, using and positioning cadres and public servants at grass-roots level in a proper, effective manner. To build defence potential in the strategic area of Central Highlands sustainably, there must be a consensus and active participation of the ethnic people, with the local armed forces as the core, under the absolute, direct leadership of party committees and the close, effective management of authorities at levels in Central Highlands.

Lt. Gen. Tran Quang Phuong, Member of the Party Central Committee
Commissar of the Military Region 5

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