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Building and multiplying typical examples within the Army Academy

The building and duplication of typical examples represent an important solution of emulation that will help develop the Determination to Win Emulation Movement. Thus, it is necessary to study and creatively adopt measures for building and multiplying typical examples.

When he was alive, President Ho Chi Minh paid due regard to building, disseminating, and multiplying typical examples and considered this work as an effective measure and incentive to promote the masses’ responsibility, talent, and knowledge for revolutionary goals and missions. He was the first person who had initiated and launched the study and following of typical examples. According to the President, “a living example is more valuable than a hundred speeches of propaganda,” “using good people, good deed examples to daily educate each other is one of the best ways to build the Party, revolutionary organisations, and new people and life.” Grasping that ideology and strictly executing resolutions, directives, and guiding documents by the Central Military Commission, the Ministry of National Defence, and the General Department of Politics, particularly the Directive 507-CT/QUTW, dated July 28th, 2014 by the Central Military Commission Standing Board on renewing the emulation and commendation work within the Vietnam People’s Army (VPA) and its Plan on building and duplicating typical examples in the period of 2015-2020, over the years, party committees and commanders of offices and units within the Army Academy have placed emphasis on detecting, cultivating, reviewing, and multiplying typical examples via proper steps and approaches. In the process, they have closely combined the building and multiplication of typical examples with the study and following of Ho Chi Minh’s ideology, ethics and lifestyle and the Campaign titled “promoting tradition, devoting talent, deserving to be Uncle Ho’s soldiers” in the new period. As a result, within the Academy, there have been many typical examples with effective, creative approaches for all staff members to study and follow. Typical models are “safety, friendliness” and “two proactive things, two active things” by the Political Bureau, “core instructors” and “exemplary lecture” by faculties, “five best services for exercises” by the Training Division, and “the improved quality of meetings at party cells” and “the building of teams of methodology” by cadet management battalions. Those models have aroused cadres, instructors, cadets, employees and soldiers’ creativity and self-reliance to surmount all difficulties and obtain a lot of achievements in training and education.

The Determination to Win Emulation Congress for the period of 2014-2019

However, several party committees and commanders of offices and units have yet to be fully aware of the importance of this work. Methods of identifying, building, cultivating, disseminating and duplicating typical examples in some places have been still inflexible. Comprehensive and partial  typical examples have been maintained in a small number. Criteria for a typical example have been devalued; therefore, some typical examples have not been really convincing enough to other people.

In order that the Army Academy will keep effectively implementing the Guidance 2326/HD-CT, dated December 3rd, 2020 by the General Department of Politics on the building of typical examples within the VPA in the period of 2021-2025, it is necessary to synchronously apply several main measures as follows.

First, raise the awareness and responsibility of party committees, party organisations, political offices and commanders at all levels. In fact, the building and multiplication of typical examples become effective practically only when party committees, party organisations, commanders and political offices are sufficiently aware of the significance, objective, method, and steps of this work and regard it as a central part of emulation and commendation. The building and duplication of typical examples will encourage all people to do good deeds, while acting as a scientific practical measure to promote emulation movements. Without this work, the Determination to Win Emulation Movement can not provide all people with any incentive to catch up with or outpace typical examples. Therefore, party committees, party organisations and commanders at all levels within the Academy should thoroughly grasp their offices and units’ political task, the Determination to Win Emulation Movement, and higher echelons’ plans to design relevant, sound measures of leadership and direction, while assigning specific tasks to party committee members. In the process, it is necessary to directly exercise direction over the development, execution and review of plans, commendation, and reward. Party committees and commands of offices and units which are selected to be role models should regularly conduct self-reviews and opportunely overcome difficulties to fulfil the targets. Moreover, it is important to promote the role of political offices in giving advice on building specific criteria for other offices, units, and individuals to become typical examples, take the performance of the political task as a yardstick for assessing a typical example, and inspect the implementation process to ensure the effectiveness and uniformity of this work across the Academy. Due attention should be paid to opportunely commending, honouring, rewarding and disseminating “good people, good deed” examples, and resolutely dealing with weaknesses in the building and multiplication of typical examples.

Second, actively renew the contents and methods of building and duplicating typical examples. There is a fact that the more strongly an emulation movement develops, the more typical examples will appear. However, over the years, within the Army Academy, the conceptualisation of typical examples by several party committees and commanders has yet to be clear or sufficient. They have equated typical examples with persons with achievements, while confusing the building of typical examples with the construction of role model units. They have also considered the building of typical examples as the goal of an emulation movement, thereby leading to improper approaches. Besides, their methods of disseminating and multiplying typical examples have yet to be creative or timely. To address those problems, it is essential to study and complete the criteria for partial and comprehensive typical examples. In this regard, significance should be attached to adhering to the function, task, and practical condition of each office, unit, and individual, ensuring that they would be easy to remember, avoiding imposing too high or strict requirements, and completely settling the lowering of such criteria. Besides, it is necessary to conduct surveys and select really typical collectives and individuals as well as offices and units in difficulty in a focalised manner. Party committees and commands of the offices and units selected to become typical examples shall exercise careful, close, serious leadership and direction over this work and avoid being impatient and subjective. To cultivate typical examples, it is essential to assign hard, complicated, new tasks to them so that they could develop and assert themselves. It is also important to give both mental and material encouragements to them. At the same time, consideration should be given to impose more demanding requirements on them in each period and specific task so that they could better themselves and become role models. Moreover, it is vital to avoid subjectively imposing too high or stringent requirements during the process of building typical examples, or exaggerating credentials, or lacking honesty, which could lead to counter-effects. Great value should be attached to promoting the strength of all forces and organisations to monitor and assist typical examples in successfully fulfilling all assigned missions as well as to opportunely detect and rectify their weaknesses.

Third, frequently promote the role of typical examples in carrying out the emulation movement and political task. This measure is aimed at stepping up and improving the building and multiplication of typical examples. The reason is that typical collectives and individuals act as the core force in the emulation movement and play an important role in performing offices and units’ political mission. Hence, importance should be attached to raising the effectiveness of disseminating and honouring typical examples so that collectives and individuals across the Academy will study, follow, catch up with, and outpace typical examples. In addition, it is essential to flexibly adopt methods of propagation via mass media and the Academy’s web portal, journal, and internal radio system. Doing so will help disseminate typical collectives and individuals’ effective, creative approaches and solutions to resolve problems for other collectives and individuals to study and follow. Offices and units should proactively develop plans to build, maintain, and duplicate typical examples with specific, scientific, effective measures. In each phase of the emulation movement, there should be adjustments in the criteria for typical examples so as to ensure that new typical examples will have higher and more comprehensive quality. Furthermore, offices and units should give material and mental encouragements to typical examples as the motivation to preserve and better promote their role and create the attraction for new elements to strive to be new typical examples. Collectives and individuals who are rewarded and honoured shall not be content with their achievements; they shall uphold a sense of responsibility to keep bettering themselves to become more comprehensive typical examples and deserve their unit’s honour.

In addition to those above-mentioned solutions, it is necessary to frequently conduct reviews to draw lessons, clarify weaknesses and strong points of collectives and individuals, and then propose practical, effective remedial measures to make contributions to promoting the building and duplication of typical examples across the Army Academy.


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